The Libyan peace process took place through a series of meetings, initiatives and actions aimed at resolving the long lasting Libyan Civil War. Among them, January 2020 conference in Berlin involved many World Powers, International and Regional organisations and representatives of countries of the Mediterranean Basin, all committed to a peaceful solution to the Libyan conflict.One of the outcomes of the conference was the necessity to effectively implement the UN arms embargo on Libya. In order to deliver this outcome, on 17 February 2020, the Foreign Affairs Council of the European Union decided to launch a new CSDP (Common Security and Defence Policy) Operation in the Mediterranean focused on the implementation of the United Nation Security Council (UNSC) Resolutions on the arms embargo on Libya, while closing Operation EUNAVFOR MED SOPHIA. The new Operation, named EUNAVFOR MED IRINI (Greek for "peace") was thus launched on 31 March 2020 and extended to 31 march 2025 with Council Decision (CFSP) 2023/653. Its core task is the implementation of the UN arms embargo on Libya through the use of aerial, satellite and maritime assets. In particular the mission is mandated to carry out inspections of vessels on the high seas off the coast of Libya suspected to be carrying arms or related material to and from Libya in accordance with UNSC resolution 2292 (2016) and subsequent UNSC resolutions, in addition to monitoring violations perpetrated via aerial and land routes. As secondary tasks, EUNAVFOR MED IRINI also:
- monitors and gathers information on illicit exports from Libya of petroleum, crude oil and refined petroleum products;
- contributes to the disruption of the business model of human smuggling and trafficking networks through information gathering and patrolling by planes;
- is tasked to support capacity building and training of the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy. The Implementation in this activity has not started due to the political fragementation in Libya.